Bilateral Quarantine Agreement

Fiji has a bilateral quarantine agreement (BQA) with New Zealand and Australia for the export of certain raw materials. Biosecurity officials at their respective stations ensure that BQA requirements are met in order to maintain unfettered exports to these two countries. Products that are not covered by the BQA are exported to all countries and labelled as non-BQA raw materials. The two fruit flies, B. kirki and B. obscura, which are present only in Rotuma, pose a significant threat to Fijian fruits and vegetables and to the export of fresh Fijian produce. The migration of B. kirki to Fiji is likely to pose a significant threat to Fiji`s fruits and vegetables and will also affect exports of fresh produce from Fijian products. Fiji has a bilateral quarantine agreement (BQA) with New Zealand and Australia for the export of fresh produce to these countries. The BQA ensures that a structured system is in place to minimize the risk of harmful organisms and diseases, particularly fruit flies, entering these countries. The Fiji Biosecurity Agency (BAF) program includes monitoring and monitoring of fruit bait flies at high-risk sites across the country. This program helps to ensure that Fiji is free of economically important drosophila and, as an early warning against fruit fly falls, to help with eradication.

Those who violate this biosecurity regulation must be prosecuted and punished. The Fiji Biosecurity Authority (BAF) export team conducts export support and market access activities. These include facilitating markets for current export raw materials; Plants and plant products, forest products, animals and animal products, goods and other regulated products. The exporting team also monitors the implementation of new commodity trajectories, confirms the status of pests through monitoring measures, and verifies the presence and status of pests established by rigorous investigations and control of the domestic trajectory. The adult female lays her egg by taking a puncture on the fruit with a needle as a structure at the end of the belly, called the ovipositor and at the same time introducing bacteria into the fruit. In about two days, the egg remains hatched and the larvae remain in the fruit during the larvae phase. Bacteria stop the fruit and provide food for larvae or maggots that hatch eggs. The migration of B. kirki can jeopardize the BQA with both countries and thus hinder exports. This is why the BAF has imposed an internal biosecurity ban for the transport of all fruit to and from Rotuma. The BAF advises against bringing Rotuma fruit to and from Rotuma.

Drosophila are a major biosecurity concern because they harm fruits and vegetables, hampering production and reducing exports.